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Active ingredients and excipients in tablets


Tablets are a common pharmaceutical dosage form, which consists of active ingredients and excipients. The active ingredient is the chemical composition of the drug that acts pharmacologically, while the excipients are ingredients added to give the drug its specific physical and chemical properties.



The active ingredient in a tablet is the heart of the medicine, it is what makes it work. Different medicines have different active ingredients, let us take the following examples of common medicines:


1.  Aspirin:

The active ingredient in aspirin is acetylsalicylic acid, which relieves pain, reduces fever, and is anti-inflammatory.


2.  Loratadine

The active ingredient in Loratadine is loratadine, which is effective in relieving allergy symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, and itchy skin.


3.  Omeprazole

The active ingredient in omeprazole is omeprazole sodium, which inhibits the secretion of stomach acid and treats symptoms such as stomach pain, soreness, and indigestion caused by excessive stomach acid.




In addition to the active ingredients, tablets contain several excipients which serve to give the medicine its specific physical and chemical properties. The following are some of the excipients commonly found in tablets:


1.  Corn starch

Corn starch is a commonly used excipient that adds bulk and stability to the tablets, as well as adding texture and making the tablets easy to chew.


2.  Magnesium stearate

Magnesium stearate is a lubricant that reduces the friction between the tablet and the mold, making the tablet easy to release and pack.


3.  Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose

Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose is a thickening agent which increases the viscosity and viscosity of the tablets, making them easy to make.


In summary, active ingredients and excipients are important components of tablets. Due to their physical nature, tablet drugs are very susceptible to damage during transport and therefore need to be given adequate protection through packaging.


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Hoping Machinery’s blister packaging machines offer excellent performance and stability to produce the right packaging for different sizes and dimensions of tablets. If you have a pharmaceutical packaging requirement, please contact us via the contact details on the official website and we will provide you with a professional consultation service!

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